Je vous invite à lire ci-dessous la tribune sur le financement climatique commune rédigée avec Miguel Arias Cañete, Commissaire européen pour l’Action climatique et l’Energie, et avec Neven Mimica, Commissaire européen pour la coopération internationale et le Développement. Une version française a été publiée ce jour dans Les Echos.
Climate finance: Supporting the global shift to climate-smart economies
By Pierre Moscovici, EU Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs, Miguel Arias Cañete, EU Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy and Neven Mimica, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development
The 2009 Copenhagen climate summit failed to live up to expectations on many fronts. But it did see the rich world make an important commitment: to provide $100bn by 2020 to help developing countries combat and adapt to climate change.
Last Friday, in the margins of the IMF annual meetings in Lima, finance ministers will take stock of progress towards that goal. This is a crucial milestone on the road to the crucial UN conference on climate change starting in Paris on 30 November.
The transition towards climate-friendly economies is both a huge global challenge and a unique opportunity to refocus and revitalise growth
The transition towards climate-friendly economies is both a huge global challenge and a unique opportunity to refocus and revitalise growth. To achieve a successful outcome in Paris, the poorest and most vulnerable countries need to know that they will receive continued support from their global partners.
The European Union and its Member States are the largest providers of international climate finance, delivering €9.5 billion in 2013. The EU budget alone will more than double grants for climate action in developing countries by 2020 to €2 billion per year, with the European Investment Bank providing a further €2 billion per year.
Since the summer, we have seen further climate finance pledges from Europe.
Since the summer, we have seen further climate finance pledges from Europe. The UK will deliver £5.8 billion between 2016 and 2021; France will increase its annual climate finance to €5 billion by 2020; Germany will double its climate finance from 2014 levels to €4 billion of grants and €3 billion of loans a year by 2020.
This funding is already making a difference on the ground. An EU-funded programme is helping to integrate climate change into development policies in Latin America. In small island developing states and the poorest African countries, the EU is helping to reduce risks from climate-related disasters like cyclones, floods, and droughts. And €350 million from the EU budget will also support action to adapt to climate change in vulnerable countries through the Global Climate Change Alliance.
The world simply cannot fight climate change effectively without major emerging economies committing.